Teks Narative adalah teks yang memaparkan/menceritakan cerita fiksi atau cerita rekaan atau cerita hayalan.

TUJUAN (AIM/OBJECTIVE/PURPOSE) dituliskannya/diceritakannya Teks Narative adalah untuk “menghibur” (TO ENTERTAIN) pembaca atau pendengar.

Secara garis besar, Teks Narrative terbagi menjadi 4, yaitu :


1. Myth : A traditional story which may describe the origins of the world, place, and/or of people. It is considered a true sacred in the romote past. (Cerita tradisional yang menjelaskan asal usul suatu  daerah atau orang. Cerita  ini dianggap benar-benar keramat atau gaib bagi yang mempercayainya) contoh: Cerita Nyi Roro Kidul, Asal Usul Banyuwangi, dsb.


2. Legend : A  story primarily about human heroes in the recent past and may feature some religious references (Cerita kepahlawanan seseorang di masa lampau yang berhubungan dengan keagamaan), contoh : Ceita Sultan Saladin, Mak Lampir, dsb.


3. Folktale : Story which is regarded as fiction. It can be a non-sacred fictional story that occurs “once a upon a time” and features human and non human characters.(Cerita fiksi, bisa berupa cerita fiksi keramat dari ciri atau karakter seseorang) Contoh : Sit Nurbaya, Malin Kundang, Bawang Merah Bawang Putih, dsb.


4. Folklore : Collection of  fictional tales about people and/or animals. It includes myth and tales (gabungan cerita fiksi tentang manusia atau hewan, termasuk didalamnya myth dan cerita rakyat), contoh : Danau Toba, Roro Mendut, dsb.


Yang harus diperhatikan dalam teks narative adalah :

  1. Harus selalu menggunakan BENTUK LAMPAU (PAST FORM) Yng terdiri atas : SIMPLE PAST atau PAST CONTINUOUS.

Long time ago, there was a beautiful princess lived in a palace.(SIMPLE PAST). She was sleeping in her luxirious room.(PAST CONTINUOUS):

  1. Memiliki Generic Structure (Ciri Kebahasaan), terdiri atas:
  • Orientatiaon : Perkenalan Tokoh, Tempat, Aktivitas
  • Complication : Problem (masalah) yang dihadapi tokoh tersebut
  • Resolution : Problem Solving, Tokoh bisa mengatasi masalah   tersebut atau dibantu oleh tokoh lain.
    1. Memiliki NILAI MORAL (Moral value). Suatu hal yang harus menjadi pelajaran bagi pembaca atau pendengar cerita Misal Moral Value dari cerita Malin Kundang : We may not rebel our parents, especially our mother.



  1. Contoh Teks Narrative
Orientation Long time ago, , there was a beautiful princess lived in a palace. She was sleeping in her luxirious room. Her sleeping was very distort.


Complication Suddenly, there was a snake crowled on her body. At first, she did not  sense. But at  last she woke up. Because she looked a snake, she was frightening. She screamed to ask the helping, but a snake attacked her.


Resolution Fortunately, a private passed in front of room and listened her screaming. He entered her room and cut down the snake’s head. The princess was save from the  attack of snake.




Kata kerja yang digaris bawah menunjukan THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE ATAU PAST CONTINUOUS, karena kalimat-kalimat tersebut menggunakan kata kerja bentuk ke-2 atau to be past + Verb-ing



Demikian penjelasan Teks Naratif kali ini, silakan sekarang kalian kerjakan latihan di bawahnya!



Read and learn this text below and aswer the questions!

Once upon a time there lived a kind hearted man and his wife. One morning, his wife found a poor little sparrow. She took it gently and fed it.  To show its gratitude, the sparrow stayed with them and sang beautifully every morning.  But there was an ill-tempered old woman who didn’t like the sparrow.  She cut the sparrow’s tongue.  That’s why the bird returned to the previous nest.  Knowing that their sparrow flew away, the kind man and the woman looked for the sparrow.  They walked along way, crossed the bridge, climbed a mountain and passed the wood. An ill-tempered old woman also followed them hidely

Not long afterwards, they found the sparrow’s nest.  The sparrow welcomed them and provided a feast for them before they went home, the sparrow brought two baskets, one was large and looked heavy, and the other was small and light.  The sparrow asked them to choose one.

They chose the small one.  And that was the best choice.  There were many rolls of silk and piles of gold in it.

Being jealous, the ill-tempered old women did the same thing as the kind man and woman did.  She chose the big basket which actually contained wasps and venomous crawlers, such as scorpions, centipedes, and other horrible creatures.  Finally, they stung and bit her to death.



  1. What kind of narrative of the text above is it ?
  2. Write 5 sentences of the text that include the simple past !
  3. Write the moral value of the text above
  4. Is the story above “Happy Ending or Sad ending”?
  5. Determine orientation, complication, dan resolution of the text above. Write them shortly.(Tulis secara ringkas)


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Bahasa InggrisKELAS IX

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